The First Aztec King (Reigned 1376–95)
This illustration, from the second section of The Tovar Codex, depicts Acamapichtli, holding a spear or scepter, standing on a reed mat. Above him is a hand holding reeds. To the right are jaguar skins. Acamapichtli (reigned 1376–95), whose name means handful of reeds, was a descendant of the Toltec emperors; his selection as the first ruler of the Mexico-Tenochtitlan dynasty gave authority to the Aztec rule. He is dressed in the clothes of the highest priests. The designs on his sandals are associated with the god Quetzalcoatl and with his Toltec ancestors. The jaguar, the eagle, and the serpent were potent symbols of Aztec religion.